Intersectional Struggles: Unveiling the Impact of Environmental Racism on Black Transwomen

Mar 31, 2024 | BM4F Spotlights, Catch the Green Tea, Young, Gifted & Green Blog Series | 0 comments

Environmental racism is a searing issue that disproportionately affects marginalized communities, perpetuating social and environmental injustices. Among these communities, Black transwomen face unique and intersecting challenges. The convergence of racism, transphobia, and environmental hazards creates a distinct set of circumstances that amplifies the vulnerability and marginalization experienced by Black transwomen. This piece will delve into the profound impact of environmental racism on Black transwomen, shedding light on the systemic barriers they face and the urgent need for equitable change.

Understanding Environmental Racism

Environmental racism refers to the discriminatory policies, practices, and actions that result in the disproportionate exposure of minority communities to environmental hazards and pollutants. It stems from systemic inequalities, including housing discrimination, unequal access to resources, and racial segregation. The consequences of environmental racism are far-reaching, with adverse effects on health, well-being, and socio-economic opportunities.

Intersecting Identities

Black transwomen face a unique set of challenges as they navigate through systems that often fail to address their intersecting identities and experiences including but not limited to race, gender identity, and often socioeconomic status. The discrimination and prejudice they encounter are influenced by both racism and transphobia. These systemic biases intersect in ways that exacerbate their vulnerability to environmental racism. This intersectionality compounds the challenges they face in dealing with environmental racism making it even more difficult for Black transwomen to escape the cycle of environmental hazards.

Disproportionate Environmental Burdens

Black communities often bear the brunt of environmental hazards due to the historical and ongoing patterns of racial segregation and discriminatory policies. Hazardous waste sites, polluting industries, and toxic facilities are frequently located in or near Black neighborhoods, leading to increased exposure to pollutants and health risks. These environmental burdens are compounded for Black transwomen, who face higher rates of poverty, homelessness, and unemployment compared to their cisgender counterparts. The lack of economic resources further restricts their ability to relocate to safer areas, perpetuating their exposure to environmental hazards. Additionally, Black transwomen often face housing discrimination, which limits their options for safe and affordable housing. This discrimination can force them to reside in areas with high levels of environmental pollution and contamination, further exposing them to health risks.

Health Impacts

The exposure to environmental pollutants has severe health consequences for Black transwomen. Studies have shown that air pollution, contaminated water sources, and toxic waste can lead to respiratory problems, cardiovascular diseases, and various forms of cancer. Moreover, the constant stress and trauma resulting from living in contaminated environments can negatively impact mental health, exacerbating conditions such as depression and anxiety. The compounding effects of environmental racism and discrimination contribute to the significant health disparities faced by Black transwomen. Access to quality healthcare is crucial for addressing the health disparities faced by Black transwomen. However, systemic barriers hinder their ability to access adequate medical services. Transphobia within the healthcare system often leads to discrimination and mistreatment, deterring Black transwomen from seeking necessary healthcare. Additionally, the lack of insurance coverage and financial resources further restricts their ability to receive appropriate medical treatment. This limited access to healthcare exacerbates the health impacts of environmental racism on their lives.

Activism and Advocacy

Black transwomen are disproportionately targeted by law enforcement and often face higher rates of arrest and incarceration compared to their cisgender counterparts. This not only contributes to economic disparities but also increases their exposure to environmental hazards within correctional facilities, which are often located in environmentally compromised areas. Additionally, Black transwomen are underrepresented in decision-making processes regarding environmental policies and regulations. This lack of representation leads to their concerns and needs being overlooked, perpetuating environmental injustices. It is crucial to amplify the voices of Black transwomen and include them in discussions and decision-making processes related to environmental justice. In the face of these challenges, Black transwomen and their allies have been at the forefront of activism and advocacy. Organizations such as the Transgender Gender-Variant & Intersex Justice Project (TGIJP) and the National Black Justice Coalition (NBJC) strive to address the intersectional experiences of Black transwomen and fight for environmental justice. Additionally, local organizations like My Sistah’s House creates innovative opportunities and access to affordable, clean and healthy housing for Black Transwomen and WeCareTN that focuses on direct service provision including mental and public healthcare access support as well as creating spaces for political advocacy for Black transwomen. These Black transwomen led and affirming organizations don’t just create “seats at the table”, but they flip the white patriarchal table over to allow for more inclusive spaces where decisions are made. They work towards dismantling systemic barriers, advocating for policy changes, and raising awareness about the impact of environmental racism on marginalized communities.

Steps for Doing Right By Black Transwomen in the EJ Movement

The impact of environmental racism on Black transwomen is a harrowing reality that demands urgent attention. The intersectionality of racism and transphobia creates a unique set of challenges that perpetuate systemic injustices and health disparities. Achieving environmental justice for Black transwomen requires systemic changes. Policymakers should adopt an intersectional approach to environmental justice, recognizing the unique challenges faced by this community. This includes implementing policies that address housing discrimination, improving healthcare access, and promoting equitable distribution of environmental resources. Raising public awareness about the impact of environmental racism on Black transwomen is crucial for fostering empathy and understanding. Education and advocacy efforts can help dismantle stereotypes and biases, challenging the status quo and pushing for systemic changes.

By acknowledging and addressing the intersectional struggles faced by Black transwomen in the context of environmental racism, we can work towards a more inclusive and equitable society. It is essential to foster collaboration between activists, policymakers, and communities to dismantle systemic barriers and ensure that the rights and well-being of Black transwomen are protected and valued. Remember, the fight against environmental racism and the empowerment of marginalized communities is an ongoing process that requires sustained effort and collective action. By amplifying the voices of Black transwomen and supporting their advocacy efforts, we can strive towards a more just and inclusive future for all.


  1. Bullard, R. D. (2002). Environmental justice in the 21st century: Race still matters. Phylon, 50(1/2), 151-171.
  2. Grant, J. M., Mottet, L. A., & Tanis, J. (2011). National transgender discrimination survey report on health and health care. National LGBTQ Task Force.
  3. Roberts, J. T., & Parks, B. C. (2007). A climate of injustice: Global inequality, North–South politics, and climate policy. MIT Press.
  4. Transgender Gender-Variant & Intersex Justice Project (TGIJP) –
  5. National Black Justice Coalition (NBJC) –


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